Eco Smart City Planning

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Saving energy by monitor Light pollution

I proposed to the STFC monitoring the moons brightness as modern solar panels are sensitive enough to generate electrify from moonlight, and street lighting could be adjusted to use less power when it is a bright full moon, to reduce CO2 emissions from power stations, the Energy crisis that followed Russia invasion of Ukraine later lead to power rationing across the UK, and a rise in the cost of power for households highlighting the need for sensible use of electricity.

Below are some of the facts:

1 kilogram of carbon is equivalent to turning off one lightbulb for 24 hours, well designed artificial lighting can reduce energy consumption and light pollution.  today more people live the Cities in Sub-Saharan Africa, than in whole of Europe and North America combined.

Video Games Consoles Energy Vampires appliances that continue to draw power from electrical outlets, even when turned off or idle. : Wall St Journal Diagram

Blackfriars, River Thames London, Light Pollution making the sky devoid of stars, offices with the lights left on.

Transport accounts for around 30% of global carbon emissions 72% of these emissions come from road transportation, (see Digital engineering)

Construction 38% of Global CO₂ emissions annually, with concrete production accounting for 8%. Towns and Cities in hotter climates around the globe built with concrete absorb heat from the Sun during the day releasing it during the night acting as storage heaters artificially raising temperatures, contributing two fold to global warming.

Small island states are most affected by climate change but only contribute 2% of global emotions.

Reduce Energy use and Light pollution

2019 submitted Proposal to the STFC, ground measurements of the position and physical illumination of Moonlight, for planning solar farms the latest generation of solar panels work at night, to monitor light pollution and reduce power consumption of Smart Cities.

Creating a CIE Moon sky dome link, As their is for the Sun recorded at key locations including major airports around the globe, used in Physically Based Render (PBR) lighting environments. CIE Sky daylight values.

Great Smog of London 1952, lead to the creation of the clean air act banning burning coal in homes and Power Station in London. including recently redeveloped Battersea and Barking Power stations.

Moon taken from London garden 15/02/19, dense smog caused the creation of the clean air act of 1956, harmful car fumes the Ultra Low Emission Zone ULEZ 2021

The health of the Rain Forrest was monitored using a plate camera, ground based photography taken through the Forrest Canapies.

Attended Teledyne e2v 2019 Space forum, CMOS makers microchips for Space Digital Imaging.

Light pollution monitoring

Dr Christopher Kyba, a scientist from the German Research Centre for Geosciences in Potsdam, told the BBC: "Our view of the stars is disappearing". 2023 conclusion of 12 years of amateur astronomers and citizen scientists going out at night to count the stars, almost 10% annual increase in sky brightness every year. According to a 2022 study by the European Space Agency link the relatively low cost of LED lighting is also contributing to the problem. see what you'r missing in the night sky with the SkyPortal app android link iPhone link.

Milky Way from Murry's Monument, Bio-sphere of Night Sky, Galloway Forrest Park, Scotland international Dark Sky Park

Digital Twins smart city reduce power consumption and Light pollution* enjoying viewing the Milky Way with the naked eye, Provided details of free Architectural lighting design software RELUX which contains a IES lighting data library of two million luminaires from manufactures used by architectural planners to prisoner reform at RSA.

Leather back Turtle beach lighting

Grande Riviere Trinidad is the most active Leather back Turtle beach in the World, the Beach uses Red LED light and Red LED light street lights to assist the Turtles and hatchlings from confusion from bright white artificial lighting. (June 2023) temperature-dependent sex determination, or TSD. Research shows that if a turtle's eggs incubate below 27.7° Celsius, the turtle hatchlings will be male. incubate above 31° Celsius however, the hatchlings will be female.

Grande Riviere Beach May 2023 Leatherback Turtles Laying


COP28 The EU, UK, US and others announced contributions totalling around $400m for poor countries reeling from the impacts of climate change. The IDB Inter American Development Bank describe corruption as being the WMD weapon of mass destruction in the Caribbean region in the 10's of $Billions. link

Ocean Modelling

Computational Ocean modeling key tool in Oceanographic and climate research, and python code for validation carried out by the STFC Hartree centre. link Oil industry lobbyists role in disinformation on Climate change revealed by BBC news link.

Tobago is currently handling an oil spill on the beaches from a ship, potentially linked to drug trafficking and have a divesting effect on the environment and tourism.

Nasa Coastal Climate Central, Below Flood level by 2030 Click to enlarge. potential regional humanitarian crisis within 8 years.

Climate change

While designing the interior of two floors of Doha Tower Dubai, The owner of the engineering company which build the Burj Al Arab Dubai presented me with dishdasha infused with Arabian Oud, after we discussed the suspension system in the foundations which allow the building to gently move with winds of the Arabian Gulf.

Built in the shape of the sail from traditional pearl diving boats, filled with winds created from cycle of warm sea air cooling in the mountains, creating breeze over the land into the Arabian gulf, bring with them sand storms collecting participial and depositing them at distance.

Wadi's are the dry river beds running down from the maintains which fill when there are flash floods, rain fall has increased compared to the first British person to cross the desert around the UAE known as the empty quilter, rains didn't return for the next 10 years, before records where kept.

Desert mountain top

Sustainability: Renewable energy

Solar panels generated the majority of electricity in our home, with feed in tariff paid to exported electricity to the national Grid (in England), using electricity smart meter managing kW kilowatt-hours used, using power hungry electrical appliances only on Sunny days.