Climate change

Smart City Planning:

1 kilogram of carbon is equivalent to turning off one lightbulb for 24 hours, well designed artificial lighting can reduce energy consumption and light pollution.  today more people live the Cities in Sub-Saharan Africa, than in whole of Europe and North America combined.

Transport accounts for around 30% of global carbon emissions 72% of these emissions come from road transportation, (see Digital engineering)

Construction 38% of Global CO₂ emissions annually, with concrete production accounting for 8%. Towns and Cities in hotter climates around the globe built with concrete absorb heat from the Sun during the day releasing it during the night acting as storage heaters artificially raising temperatures, contributing two fold to global warming.

Small island states are most affected by climate change but only contribute 2% of global emotions.

Reduce Energy use and Light pollution

2019 submitted Proposal to the STFC, ground measurements of the position and physical illumination of Moonlight, for planning solar farms the latest generation of solar panels work at night, to monitor light pollution and reduce power consumption of Smart Cities.

Blackfriars, River Thames London, Light Pollution making the sky devoid of stars

Creating a CIE Moon sky dome link, As their is for the Sun recorded at key locations including major airports around the globe, used in Physically Based Render (PBR) lighting environments. CIE Sky daylight values.

Great Smog of London 1952, lead to the creation of the clean air act banning burning coal in homes and Power Station in London. including recently redeveloped Battersea and Barking Power stations.

Moon taken from London garden 15/02/19, dense smog caused the creation of the clean air act of 1956, harmful car fumes the Ultra Low Emission Zone ULEZ 2021

The health of the Rain Forrest was monitored using a plate camera, ground based photography taken through the Forrest Canapies.

Attended Teledyne e2v 2019 Space forum, CMOS makers microchips for Space Digital Imaging.

Current understanding the Sun's Rays hit the Earth and bounce back out to space after reflecting a number of times between Earth and the upper Atmosphere, the under atmosphere is holding the photon rays longer from being released because of increased Carbon dioxide CO₂, Aviation fuel etc. hence the term greenhouse affect.

Light pollution monitoring

Dr Christopher Kyba, a scientist from the German Research Centre for Geosciences in Potsdam, told the BBC: "Our view of the stars is disappearing". 2023 conclusion of 12 years of amateur astronomers and citizen scientists going out at night to count the stars, almost 10% annual increase in sky brightness every year. According to a 2022 study by the European Space Agency link the relatively low cost of LED lighting is also contributing to the problem. see what you'r missing in the night sky with the SkyPortal app android link iPhone link.

Milky Way from Murry's Monument, Bio-sphere of Night Sky, Galloway Forrest Park, Scotland international Dark Sky Park

Digital Twins smart city reduce power consumption and Light pollution* enjoying viewing the Milky Way with the naked eye, Provided details of free Architectural lighting design software RELUX which contains a IES lighting data library of two million luminaires from manufactures used by architectural planners to prisoner reform at RSA.

Leather back Turtle beach lighting

Grande Riviere Trinidad is the most active Leather back Turtle beach in the World, the Beach uses Red LED light and Red LED light street lights to assist the Turtles and hatchlings from confusion from bright white artificial lighting. (June 2023) temperature-dependent sex determination, or TSD. Research shows that if a turtle's eggs incubate below 27.7° Celsius, the turtle hatchlings will be male. incubate above 31° Celsius however, the hatchlings will be female.

Grande Riviere Beach May 2023 Leatherback Turtles Laying

Climate change

While designing the interior of two floors of Doha Tower Dubai, The owner of the engineering company which build the Burj Al Arab Dubai presented me with dishdasha infused with Arabian Oud, after discussing the suspension system in the foundations which allow the building to gently move with high winds.

Built in the shape of the sail from traditional pearl diving boats, filled with winds created from cycle of warm sea air cooling in the mountains, creating breeze over the land into the Arabian gulf, bring with them sand storms collecting participial and depositing them at distance.

Wadi's are the dry river beds running down from the maintains which fill when there are flash floods, rain fall has increased compared to the first British person to cross the desert around the UAE known as the empty quilter, rains didn't return for the next 10 years, before records where kept.

Desert mountain top

Sustainability: Renewable energy

Solar panels generated the majority of electricity in our home, with feed in tariff paid to exported electricity to the national Grid (in England), using electricity smart meter managing kW kilowatt-hours used, using power hungry electrical appliances only on Sunny days.

Volenteer: Trust for Urban Ecology

Volunteered for a year with the trust for Urban Ecology, steward of the woodland space surveying birds and insects loping tree's and replanting native species in a sustainable woodland. Maintaining urban Woodland spaces for the public to relax and enjoy tranquil Nature and escape the hectic Modern Metropolis, protecting Biodiversity and native species, in a pocket of the Great North Woods in London. (see Wellbeing)